Sunday, October 25

Month 112 - WATCH LIST: 28 A-rated Non-financial Companies in the iShares Top 200 Value ETF - October 2020

Situation: Savers eventually come to realize that they need to invest for income, to realize a positive return on investment (ROI). ROI is the most common profitability ratio.

    ROI is calculated by subtracting the initial value of the investment from the final value of the investment (which equals the net return), then dividing this new number (the net return) by the “cost of investment”, and, finally, multiplying by 100. For an asset in an investor’s portfolio, the “cost of investment” equals inflation + transaction costs.

Inflation is the only cost from owning Savings Bonds or an FDIC-insured savings account, there being no transaction costs. But savers typically incur a negative ROI because the interest rate credited to their account is almost always lower than the inflation rate, unless they bought Inflation-protected Savings Bonds.

The woke saver’s goal is to invest in assets that have low transaction costs but also have interest or dividend rates that cover inflation: stocks and bonds. An “investment-grade intermediate-term” bond fund, like the Vanguard Total Bond Market Index ETF (BND), is a suitable choice except during periods of hyperinflation. That’s because the value of bonds already held in the fund, referred to as “legacy” bonds, will fall when inflation is rising briskly. Why? Because the interest rate on legacy bonds will be lower than the rate of inflation. 

The dividend yield on stocks and stock ETFs could also lag behind rising inflation. However, the companies that pay those dividends usually grow their earnings and dividends faster during inflation, partly because the value of the dollar keeps falling. The investor’s ROI will likely remain positive, since it reflects growth in the stock’s price (from faster earnings growth) and growth in the dividend payout. 

Our saver, whom we now call an investor because she knows enough to seek out value (by looking to pay low transaction costs for apparently underpriced assets), will need to shop among different high-yielding assets to sustain ROI growth: 1) a bond-heavy “balanced” mutual fund like the Vanguard Wellesley Income Fund (VWINX), 2) a high-yielding stock index ETF like the Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund (VYM), and 3) individual stocks selected from the VYM portfolio

Mission: Analyze stocks in the iShares Top 200 Value Index ETF (IWX) that are also in VYM’s portfolio and meet these 5 criteria: have a) at least a 20-year trading record, b) an S&P bond rating of A- or higher, c) an S&P stock rating of B+/M or higher, d) a positive Book Value for the most recent quarter (mrq), and e) positive earnings for the Trailing Twelve Months (TTM). These criteria narrow your choices to a manageable but high quality Watch List. If you don’t have time to follow all 28 companies, confine your attention to the 21 companies that are also in the S&P 100 Index (see Column AR in the Table) or the 16 companies that are also in the 65-stock Dow Jones Composite Average (see Column AS in the Table).

Execution: see Table.

Administration: For comparison purposes, I list the 9 Financial Services companies separately because the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) has promised to keep interest rates near zero through 2023. Financial Services companies profit from the “spread” between what they pay for money and what they make from that money. With interest rates for 15-year home mortgages moving lower than 2.5% and 5-year inflation rates moving higher than 1.8%, there is little profit potential on the horizon.

To calculate the annual ROI of a publicly-traded corporation, divide Earnings Before Interest and Taxes (EBIT line of Net Income statement) by Total Assets (at the bottom of the Balance Sheet statement). You want the most recent information available, which is ROI for the Trailing Twelve Months (TTM). That is similarly calculated using the 4 most recent quarterly Net Income and Balance Sheet statements (see Column AT in the Table). 

Bottom Line: You’ll need to focus on large-capitalization stocks in your retirement account that pay a good and growing dividend. Why? There are 4 reasons: Those companies have 1) multiple product & service lines that likely can be managed to allow the company to continue growing earnings during a recession; 2) multi-billion dollar credit lines are already in place, 3) banking relationships are already in place that make it possible for each company to issue new long-term bonds with low interest rates during a recession, and 4) these companies are what you need to invest in, if you want to achieve total returns that come close to those achieved by the gold standard that we all measure our investment returns against, which are the capitalization-weighted S&P 500 Index ETFs like SPY (see Line 47 in the Table), which large brokers like Fidelity offer at negligible cost. 

Possible BUYs among Value Stocks (i.e. those with green highlights in both Column AD and Column AF of the Table). There are 9 such stocks: Pfizer (PFE), Cisco Systems (CSCO), Intel (INTC), American Electric Power (AEP), Duke Energy (DUK), Comcast (CMCSA), Southern (SO), Eaton PLC (ETN) and International Business Machines (IBM). The “possible BUYs” need to    1) not be overburdened with debt (see red highlights in Columns S-U of the Table);

  2) have a PEG ratio no greater than 2.5 (Column AI), and

  3) have high Returns On Tangible Capital Employed (Column O) and Returns On Investment (Column AT).

Intel (INTC) and Cisco Systems are the only ones that have a Return On Investment (TTM) greater than 15% (see Column AT in the Table). Findings: PFE, CMCSA and IBM are overburdened with debt; AEP, DUK, SO, ETN and IBM have high PEG ratios. The only remaining companies, CSCO and INTC, do have high returns (Earnings Before Interest and Taxes) on Tangible Capital Employed and Total Assets (see Columns O and AT in the Table), and are therefore “possible BUYs.”

Risk Rating: 6 (where 10-Year US Treasury Notes = 1, S&P 500 Index = 5, and gold = 10)

Full Disclosure: I dollar-average into MRK, PFE, INTC, PG, WMT, CAT, and also own shares of NEE, CSCO, TGT, DUK, KO, JNJ, CMCSA, SO, MMM IBM.

The 2 and 8 Club" (CR) 2017 Invest Tune All rights reserved.

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Sunday, September 27

Month 111 - Nine A-rated non-Financial GARP Stocks in the S&P 100 Index - September 2020

Situation:Growth at a reasonable price (GARP)" is an equity investment strategy that seeks to combine tenets of both growth investing and value investing to select individual stocks.” Different analysts use different metrics (and management assessments) to guesstimate favorable returns. Peter Lynch originated the concept and highlighted the usefulness of one ratio: Price/Earnings:Growth, commonly referred to as PEG. “Earnings” reference Earnings per Share (EPS) for the Trailing Twelve Month (TTM) period. “Growth” references an estimate of growth in EPS over the next 5 years. Yahoo Finance publishes the PEG ratio for each public company under Valuation Measures (see Column AH in the Table). The PEG ratio is kept up to date by Thomson Reuters. Peter Lynch is arguably the greatest stock-picker of all time. My interest in investing started through reading his books, which are practical down-to-earth primers. So, his reliance on PEG carries some gravitas. The basic idea is that a stock’s price ought to approximate the rate at which the company’s earnings grow (PEG = 1.0). That rarely happens in the real world but some companies come close (see Column AH in the Table).  

Mission: Look at the 23 A-rated non-financial high-yielding stocks in the S&P 100 Index and highlight the 9 that have 5-yr PEG numbers no higher than 2.5. 

Execution: see Table.

Administration: A-rated stocks are those that have:

            a) an above market dividend yield (see portfolio of Vanguard High Dividend Yield Index Fund ETF - VYM),

            b) positive Book Value, 

            c) positive earnings (TTM), 

            d) an S&P bond rating of A- or better, 

            e) an S&P stock rating of B+/M or better, and 

            f) a 20+ year trading history. 

Bottom Line: Merck (MRK), Target (TGT), Intel (INTC), Comcast (CMCSA), and Lockheed Martin (LMT) have the overall highest quality among stocks on this list (see Column AL in the Table). INTC and CMCSA are also Value Stocks, meaning that their price (50-day moving average) is less than twice their Graham Number (see Column AC) and their 7-year P/E is no higher than 25 (see Column AE). 

Risk Rating: 6 (where 10-yr US Treasury Notes = 1, S&P 500 Index = 5, and gold bullion = 10).

Full Disclosure: I dollar-average into MRK, PFE and INTC, and also own shares of TGT and CMCSA. 

The 2 and 8 Club" (CR) 2017 Invest Tune All rights reserved.

Post questions and comments in the box below or send email to: